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Iloilo

Duenas

DUENAS is a unique destination. Culturally enriched and colourful, it offers visitors a unique experience. The beauty of this town is not natural. Many are isolated in its remote barangays. Many who fancy a little outdoor adventure and getting away to the remote locations and enjoying the activities that come with it is much more satisfying. The town is a perfect day trip outing.

The Fourth-Class municipality of Duenas is situated in the eastern portion of the province and is 46.1 kilometers away from Iloilo City. The town is bordered in the north by Passi City; east by Lambunao; south by Pototan, northeast by Calinog; southeast by Dingle and southwest by Badiangan. It has a total land area of 9, 052 hectares and is politically subdivided into 47 barangays.

Duenas is populated by 34, 242 (2015 Census on Population) Duenasanons. Market day is every Sunday. It annually celebrates its Religious Fiesta every 30th of September in honour of St. Jerome.

To get to the town, air-conditioned bus is available daily at the new Ceres Terminal in Barangay Camalig, Jaro, Iloilo City.

HISTORY

Pre-Hispanic relic establishes the fact that the early beginings of the town of Duenas was already exposed to international trade as proven by Chinese porcelain from Sung (960 – 1279) and Ming (1368 – 1644) Imperial Dynasties.

Duenas has its foundation and Christianization in 1590 with the name of Sumandig. In 1599, it was moved to Sibucao and in 1603 Sumandig was annexed to Dumangas and two years later in 1605 it enjoyed her independence.

In 1608, Sumandig was absorbed by Laglag, now Barangay Pader and remained so until 1667. It had only five barrios, namel: Sibucao and Sumandig in the lowlands; Misi, Camatugan and Malonor in the upland area. In 1668, Laglag was joined to Passi, only to be separated a year later in 1669. From 1669 – 1844, Laglag was still the name it was known, reason as to why most family names of Duenas begin with letter “L.”

In 1845, Laglag was moved four kilometres eastward and finally given the name “Duenas” in memory of the birthplace of Fr. Florencio Martin, the author of the transfer, in Duenas, Palencia, Spain. The death of a Spanish priest at the hands of a native shaman occurred during the town’s period of Spanish Christianization. In 1663, the Parish Priest, Fr. Francisco was killed by a Babaylan (shaman) named Tapar who refused to accept the new religion and went about trying to reconvert the natives back to their original religion based on superstition and folk magic.

The word Duenas or Duena was derived from a Latin word domina, which means landlady or madam who has dominion over a certain house or estate.

ATTRACTIONS

ST. JEROME PARISH CHURCH is of Baroque – Romanesque architectural style. The first church was made of wood but was destroyed by an earthquake in 1787. The present church was constructed under the supervision of Father Nicolas Gallo in 1878. Materials used were stone and bricks. Its interior of Tuscan design with an exterior of Doric design measured 65 meters in length and 16 meters wide. The church was damaged during World War II and in the 1948 earthquake. The dome and transept were reconstructed in 1982.

CALANG ECO-HISTORICAL TREKKING ADVENTURE in Barangay Calang could be reached by a 15-minute trek. Several points of interests are found in the area where sets of historical spring wells can be seen. Most popular is the Pitong Bubon or the seven (7) century-old natural spring wells in the heart of a forested area. It is said that it existed since the pre-colonial period and were said to have served as drinking and washing areas. Another group of eight (8) Tuscany Wells are located in a cliff of the same barangay, just 20 meters away from Pitong Bubon and approximately 30 meters away from Ered Falls in the east. Ered Falls got its name from the word “air raid” since the area was used to be an air raid shelter during the Japanese Occupation. The Ginoong Tawo form a series of spring wells on an adobe bed flowing towards a huge spring forming mini falls and is found at the base of a century-old Balete tree. Another cluster spring wells are found in the area that has become a popular bathing site.

MILLER HOUSE RUINS believed to have been the ancestral house of an American family during World War II in Hacienda Jaguimit is abandoned and in ruins. It has a crumbling beauty on its own and they inspire dreams of what they might be turned into if these former mansions, once owned by rich businessmen during the early 19th centuries in rural Iloilo. The house had been stripped of nearly every architectural element–from doors to floor tiles to fixtures. Yet, it retains elegance in the middle of a sugarcane field. A few meters across the house is the famous remain of a Muscovado Sugar Mill.

FESTIVAL

ANIHAN is celebrated every week of September. It started in 2003 highlights its tribal dance competition by showcasing its practices, customs and traditions before or during the harvest season. The dance is this town’s expression of thanksgiving for bountiful production of agricultural crops. Dueñas is an agricultural area that mainly depends on farming as its major source of livelihood.

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Iloilo

Dingle

Dingle is extraordinarily scenic, also an awe-inspiring site and the best place to go nature tripping. It has successfully marketed itself as an Eco-cultural destination of the province and continues to attract eco-tourists. It is also known for a number of natural, historical and cultural attractions.

From the magical, underground caverns to the beautiful and historical structures, we invite you off the beaten track to experience this municipality like you have never done before.

The Third-Class municipality of Dingle is 37 kilometers away from Iloilo City. It is bounded in the northeast by Anilao; northwest by San Enrique; southeast by Pototan and Barotac Nuevo; and southwest by Duenas. It has a total land area that measures 7,750 hectare that is politically subdivided into 33 barangays.

Dingle is populated by 45, 335 (2015 Census on Population) Dingleanons. Market day is every Saturday. It annually celebrates its Religious Fiesta every 24th of June in honour of St, John the Baptist.

To get to the town, a jeepney or van is available at the Northern Central Iloilo Transport Terminal, Inc. in Barangay Tagbak, Jaro, Iloilo City.

HISTORY

Dingle started as a pre-colonial settlement of Sumandig (Duenas), which was under the jurisdiction of Simsiman, a barangay of Laglag. The settlement was also known as Sibucao, Ba-ong and Orvat. The Augustinian priest, Fr. Francisco Manuel Blanco, first founded Dingle as a visita of Pototan in 1593.

Dingle became independent on April 23, 1611. In 1629 however, it was annexed to Dumangas and to Dueñas in 1641 until 1825. In August 16, 1850, by order of Governor General of the Philippines Antonio de Urbiztondo, Dingle again became independent and was officially named the town of Dingle. The first town head was Julio Dator (1823–1827). In 1865, Fr. Fernando Llorente ordered the construction of the Dingle Catholic Church which was completed in 1886.

ATTRACTIONS

BULABOG PUTI-AN NATIONAL PARK in Barangay Moroboro in Dingle extending San Enrique, can be enjoyed as a day visit to the area since one does not have to go on extensive trail blazing. Combining trekking and cave exploration, the trip offers a rare opportunity to get close to one of Iloilo’s rarest limestone rock formation in Panay excluding Guimaras. This old growth forest is also a perfect laboratory for the study of flora and fauna. It was designated as a National Park through Congressional Bill No. 1651, and such is considered a “Nationally Significant Area.”

The centerpiece of the park is its 33 known and named caves where most are undeveloped, so there are no lights, stairs, nor walkways. The Maeztranza Cave, the most popular is historically important as it served as a hide-out of the revolutionary forces during the Spanish colonial period and on its stone walls are Spanish inscriptions of the revolutionary troops. Hike up and go cave exploration while enjoying the gorgeous view of the park over its wild and luscious forests. It has a land area of 834.033 hectares covering five of Dingle’s 33 barangays.

ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST PARISH CHURCH is of Filipino-Baroque architectural style. The first church was constructed in Baong but no records as to who supervised the construction of the church and its convent. The present church was constructed under the supervision of Father Juan Fraile in 1829. It was continued under the supervision of Father Fernando Llorente between 1865 and 1874; by Father Melquiades Arizmendi in 1876 – 1877. Father Rafael Murillo supervised its completion in 1887 – 1893. The roof was however destroyed by a typhoon in November 5, 1912. Father Fernando Llorente restored its convent that was however destroyed in 1960. The materials used were granite stones quarried from the mountains of Bulabog Puti-an in Dingle and San Enrique in 1829. The church has one unfinished bell-tower that makes it unique from the other neighboring churches. It is elevated by a 9-step stairway with rose windows in its façade. It was used as a Japanese garrison during World War II.

RIVER CRUISE AT MOROBORO DAM is a 7-kilometer cruise that starts in Barangay Licu-an (approximately 3 kilometers away from the town center). Its base is at the upper portion of the Jalaur Irrigation Dam, popularly known as Moroboro Dam, built in 1955 and had since then provided irrigation to this town’s agricultural lands and nearby towns. Perfectly blending with the river’s serene atmosphere is a ruined post-World War II suspension bridge that traverses the Jalaur River. The cruise is more intimate that takes place on smaller-scale motorized boat and winds its way through passing the barangays of Moroboro, Lincud and Tinocuan where beautiful white limestone cliffs and other limestone rock formations are seen. Views of small barangays along the river banks are one of the best ways to explore this town’s simple, yet absorbing lifestyle. This nearly to an hour leisurely cruise ends in Barangay Tinocuan. Visitors can also enjoy eco-bird watching river cruise.

MOUNT MANYAKIYA provides a natural viewing deck that allows visitors to have a panoramic view of Negros Island as well as the low lying towns of the province of Iloilo. Nautod Wall, one of the major rock-climbing destinations in the Philippines, can be found here.

FESTIVALS

PAGDIHON celebrated every last week of October is a traditional community festivity filled with music, dance and competitive events that will highlight its culture, heritage and tradition. The street dance and tribe competition of the festival remains at the heart of the festival’s identity. Performers, in a moving story-telling unfold history with Gen. Adriano Hernandez, their local hero as the central figure of the presentation. Gen. Hernandez secretly organized a rebel movement in Iloilo against the Spaniards and staged the first armed uprising in the Province of Iloilo in October 28, 1898. This occurred in Barrio Lincud, Dingle. The event was known as the “Cry of Lincud.” Because of his excellent display of gallantry and knowledge in military strategy, General Hernandez became the trusted aide of General Martin Delgado designating him as the Chief-of-Staff of the rebel government in the Visayas that was inaugurated in November 1898. When Iloilo fell into the hands of the Americans he became the leader of the guerilla movement in the whole province.

12 NIGHTS OF CHRISTMAS is celebfated every December 16 – 30. it features the magnificent brightly-lit Christmas Floats parading around the poblacion area where all the lights on the float after dusk are turned on in order to give viewers an unexpected treat. Other activities include the drum, bugle and lyre competition and the inter-provincial fireworks display. Event runs every December 16-30.

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Iloilo

Barotac Nuevo

The Second-Class municipality of Barotac Nuevo is at the north-eastern portion of the province. It is 30 kilometers away or an hour drive from Iloilo City. It is bordered by Pototan in the west; Dingle in the northwest; Anilao in the northeast, and; Dumangas in the south. It has a total land area of 9, 449 hectares that is politically subdivided into 29 barangays.

Barotac Nuevo is populated by 54, 146 (2015 Census on Population) Barotacnons. Market day is every Wednesdays and Saturdays. It annually celebrates its Religious Fiesta every 13th of June in honour of St. Anthony de Padua.

One can visit Barotac Nuevo via jeepney, van or bus at the new Ceres Terminal in Barangay Camalig, Jaro, Iloilo City or at the Iloilo Terminal Market in Barangay Rizal Pala-Pala I, Iloilo City.

HISTORY

Barotac is from the Spanish word baro, which means mud, as well as the last syllables of tac and lutac. With Nuevo, translated as new, added to the name.

Local folklore states Barotac Barotac Nuevo was famous for its well-bred horses, one of which was a pure white stallion named Tamasak owned by a prominent citizen named Don Simon. The Governor-General kf the country at that time, Manuel Gonzalers de Aguilar, wanted to buy Tamasak from Don Simon whio eventually exchanged the animal not for money but for a title, and the separation of Barotac Nuevo from the town of Dumangas, of which it was but a smaller part thereof.

The barrio once known as Malutac is now where the town of Barotac Nuevo stands. Barotac Nuevo’s main industry and capital is in agriculture and fishponds for breeding tilapia and milkfish. The town church was built during the 16th century by Spanish missionaries, The town’s name has the Spanish word Nuevo added to it meaning new, to distinguish it from another town called Barotac Viejo (Old Barotac) in the north.

ATTRACTIONS

ST. ANTHONY DE PADUA PARISH CHURCH is of Neo-Classical architectural design. It was said that the original church of Romanesque architectural style and was built sometime in 1710 and finished in 1750. However in 1758, an earthquake destroyed the church. A second church of coral stone and bricks was reconstruction under the supervision of Friar Ramon Piaguda y Araujo. A convent was also constructed and both structures were completed sometime in 1802. It was blessed in December 24, 1893.

The present church was constructed under the supervision of Father Julian Yturiaga in 1876 but was later on continued by Father Eustaquio Torres until 1882. It was finished in 1888 under the supervision of Father Calixto Gonzales. It is made of stone blocks. The church has two unfinished twin rectangular bell-tower. However, it was burned In December 5, 1912. During World War II the church was used as a garrison by the Japanese Imperial Forces.

FESTIVALS

TAMASAK is celebrated every 3rd week of February. The name was derived from the legendary horse hero named Tamasak of the Barotacnons. A brainchild of former SB Member on Tourism, Mr. Nonel Gemora, it is a showcase of the abilities and diversity of their sports-loving community. Celebrated at the FIFA Football Grounds in Barangay Tabucan, the festivity is a diverse, action packed 2-day filled with sports, music, food and fun.

It features competitions for individuals and teams including Kabayo Race, Borado, Mayor Hernan Biron Sr. Football Cup. Variety shows and live band in the evening are added special activities. Tamasak Festival also opens up the opportunity for local people to get involved and have a go at sports they otherwise may not have the opportunity to try.

PAGHILI-USA celebrated every 3rd week of December is a significant Christmas celebration for Barotacnons as schools from all levels, PTA, the private sector and its 29 barangays showcase their talents in the different fields of competition.

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Iloilo

Dumangas

Dumangas has developed over the years from a small settlement into a beautiful, thriving town. The town is known for its deep historic roots which reveal themselves throughout the town. The surrounding landscape is as picturesque as the town itself, with typical coastal and agricultural scenes of fishing villages, mangrove areas, rice paddies, and seafood restaurants that runs past the town center border from the coastal road. It offers opportunities for history and adventure.

The First-Class municipality of Dumangas is situated southeastern of the province and is 30 kilometers or an hour ride from Iloilo City. It is bounded in the north by the municipality of Barotac Nuevo; in the south and east by Guimaras Strait, and; in the west by the municipalities of Pototan and Zarraga. It has a total land area of 11, 677 hectares and is politically subdivided into 45 barangays.

Dumangas is populated by 69, 108 Dumangasanons. Market day is every Sunday. It annually celebrates its Religious Fiesta every 5th of May in honour of St. Agustine.

One can travel to Dumangas via the Monfort Coast Boulevard. Vans are readily available at Baldoza Transport Terminal in Barangay Baldoza, Lapaz, Iloilo City.

HISTORY

The early beginings of the settlement was during the Malayan migration to the Philippineswhere several immigrant clans settled along the coasts of Panay. One fleet of balangays (ancient long ships) made its entrance along the southeastern coast of Panay along the Talaguis River where the immigrants established the settlement called Araut. It was known as such until the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century. It is reputed that no less than Adelantado Miguel Lopez de Legazpi’s aide-de-camp Mateo del Sanz, in their exploration for food came across the settlement of Araut. Del Sanz’ party found the inhabitants to be of noble bearing; in fact they thought the natives were “the noblest people in the old archipelago.” Mateo del Sanz returned to Cebu loaded with plenty of provisions for Adelantado.

A year later, in 1566, Legazpi sent Capitan Luis de Hoaya to confoirm his friendliness and hospitality to the natives. de Hoaya was later appointed administrator of Araut. In 1569, Fr. Juan de Alva who accompanied Capitan Luis de Hoaya when they first came to Araut was appointed the first parish priest of Dumangas. Fr. De Alva belonged to the Agustinian Order, which served Dumangas for a very long time.

Araut was renamed Dumangas, the probable version was based upon the report of Legazpi’s Portugese officer who mentioned “Sitio Du Mangas” (settlement of the two mangoes) as a place where they got their supplies. The Adelantado chronicler noted the report and the name were duly recorded. It was later shortened to Dumangas.

ATTRACTIONS

ST. AGUSTINE PARISH CHURCH of Gothic Byzantine architectural style and was considered the most artistic church in the country after its completion in 1895, it was built using red bricks and coral stones. Construction started in 1887 under the supervision of Fr. Fernando Llorente. Fr. Rafael Murillo supervised its completion. The church measured 72 meters long and 22 meters wide. It was declared by the National Historical Institute as a National Shrine in January 14, 1974. The first church along with its convent said to have been built in 1572 under the supervision of Fr. Martin de Rada OSA was burned in 1628; the second structure finished before 1787 was destroyed by an earthquake.

RUINS OF THE FIRST STONE CHAPEL IN PANAY in Barangay Ermita, Dumangas was built in 1556 under the supervision of Fr. Juan Alva in 1572. Now in ruins, it is housed on an elevated land where the base made of coral rocks and old wood is exposed. Originally the chapel was made of nipa. It was declared a National Shrine by the National Historical Institute in August 28, 1989.

IGLESIA FILIPINA INDEPENDIENTE was constructed in 1918 the time when Tomas Buenaflor was Mayor of Dumangas.

RUINS OF A SMOKESTACK CHIMNEY in Barangay Rosario approximately 6 kilometers away from the town center had been left in much the same condition in which it was found. A huge Balete tree blends into its red brick walls with its old thick roots giving the structure a surreal appearance. The atmospheric combination of trees growing out of the ruins and the surrounding sugarcane farm makes it one of Dumangas’ most popular tourist attractions.

FESTIVAL

HAW-AS celebrated every last week of October is an annual thanksgiving festival for the bountiful fish harvest from the waters in the area. The festival uses the iconic bangus as its symbol because it is their number one product. Haw-as also celebrates the contribution made to Dumangas by those persons involved in the local fishing industry. The highlight of the celebration is the “Haw-as Guban: competition dance extravaganza where participating tribes depict and interpret the “haw-as” or fish harvesting through a vivid visual display, graceful gyrations and well-choreographed dances in colorful costumes.

Haw-as Festival has become a part of the local tourist calendar and a vital contributor to the economy of Dumangas. It is a unique attraction that offers fun and entertainment for both locals and visitors alike offering them the opportunity to learn more about the town’s culture and to better appreciate and understand its value to the community.

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Iloilo

Mina

The Fifth-Class municipality of Mina located in the northern part of the province. It is 44 kilometers away for an hour and twenty minute ride from Iloilo City. It is bounded in the north by the municipality of Badiangan; in the east by the municipality of Pototan; west by the municipality of Janiuay; in the south by the municipality of New Lucena; and southwest by the municipality of Cabatuan. The town has a total land area of 4,340 hectares that is politically subdivided into 22 barangays.

Mina is populated by 23, 546 (2015 Census on Population) Minanhons. Market day is every Thursdays and Sundays. It annually celebrates its Religious Fiesta every 12th of October in honour of Our Lady of the Pillar.

One can get to Mina by jeepney or van at the terminal in front of Christ the King Memorial in Jaro, Iloilo City.

HISTORY

Before 1870, the town was known as Barrio Montogawe. The name was derived from Montogawe Hill located at the Suage River. Montogawe was a combination of two words from the Spanish monte meaning mountain and gawe, a Kiniray-a word meaning face.

A Civil Decree issued by General La Torre in 1870 lawfully created the civil town of Montogawe, after a requirement that a church, a municipal building and a school house be built. Montogawe was elevated to a parish in 1872, but no parish priest was assigned. In 1873 a dispute over the jurisdiction over Tolarucan (presently, a barangay in this municipality) was lodged by both municipalities of Pototan and Janiuay and was brought to the attention of the Bishop of Jaro. It was impressed upon the Bishop, the importance of the case to the church. The Bishop appointed ten priests to handle the case and these sought the services of a Spanish lawyer named Mina. Atty. Mina won the case and Montogawe gained jurisdiction over Tolarucan. Folk sources say that Atty. Mina refused to accept monetary renumeration. Thus, because of his gallant act, the town was named in his honor. Montogawe became Mina.

FESTIVAL

PASKWA HALAD SA BANWA is celebrated withy the opening of Christmas lights at the municipal grounds every 2nd week of December. The spirit to serve the community is a core value of the local government of this town which gives all the opportunity to give back to the community through this event which started in 2011. However, in 1994-2010 the town had been celebrating Christmas with series of activities that include street dancing, ceremonial lighting, fireworks display and food fair.

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Iloilo

Pototan

The First-Class town of Pototan north of Iloilo is located 30 kilometers or an hour ride from Iloilo City. It is bounded in the north and northeast by the municipality of Dingle; in the east by Barotac Nuevo; south by New Lucena; west by Mina and northwest by Badiangan. It has a total land area measuring 9,710 hectares and politically subdivided into 50 barangays.

Pototan is populated by 75, 070 (2015 Census on Population) Pototanons. Market day is every Tuesdays and Fridays. It annually celebrates its Religious Fiesta every 8th of May in honour of St, Joseph.

One can visit Pototan via jeepney, van or bus at the New Ceres Terminal in Barangay Camalig, Jaro, Iloilo City

HISTORY

Native immigrants first settled in a barangay named Naslo. The area had a luxuriant growth of trees called Putat (Barringtonia racemosa) of which the place was subsequently named Kaputatan or the place of many putat trees. However, due to its hilly terrain and the difficulty of securing a water source, the settlers decided to move nearer to the bank of the Suage River which developed into the town called Pototan.

In the 16th century, the arrival of the Chinese traders in the area was very beneficial as the natives learned the techniques of trade and commerce that continued until the middle part of the 17th century. The arrival of the Sopanish in the 16th century influenced ythe socio-economic and political life of the natives as they were eventually Christianized. It was also at this time when the name Kaputatan was Hispanized to Pototan by the colonizers.

FESTIVAL

IWAG FESTIVAL OF LIGHTS transforms Pototan into a spectacular wonderland of lights every December 16th, its opening. Its magnificent drive-through Christmas Light Show is bigger and better. Every year, the town features more light displays with sparkling lights professionally done to cover its entire plaza complex. The opening day kicks off with the Street Dancing Competition at 1 p.m. The celebration is a must-see holiday attraction for the entire family.

It was in 1997 when a group of Pototanons (IWAG) organized themselves and had since become a strong and dedicated partner of its Municipal Government in the preparation and the celebration of lights every December. Since then, the celebration of the Christmas Festival of Lights has become a tradition not only of the people of Pototan but the entire Ilonggo community that they look forward to each year. It was declared by the Department of Tourism, Regional Office as the “Christmas Capital of Western Visayas.

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Iloilo

Bingawan

The area around the town of Bingawan, the edge of the central portion of the province is where it ends and the town of Tapaz, Capiz province begins and is very much another unsung corner of Iloilo with warm, friendly, welcoming people.

Bingawan has some rich farming land and farming is at the heart of its village life. The landscapes are gorgeous here; with gentle pastures, to the high mountains. The area offers some beautiful hikes and bike trails across its lovely rolling meadows, woodland and a few working farms. The town would be less touristic than its neighboring towns but is well worth exploring.

The Fifth-Class municipality of Bingawan is situated in the …of the province. It is 68 kilometers away or almost antwo hours from Iloilo City. It is bounded in the north by the municipality of Tapaz, Capiz; in the northeast by the municipality of Dumarao, Capiz; in the south by the City of Passi, Iloilo; in the southeast by the municipality of Calinog, Iloilo. It has a total land area of 8, 500 hectares and is politically subdivided into 14 barangays.

Bingawan is populated by 15, 199 (2015 Census on Population) Bingawanons. Market day is every Thursday. It annually celebrates its Religious Fiesta every 25th of January in honor of St. Paul.

One can visit the town of Bingawan via, bus or van from the terminal situated beside Robinsons Mall, Pavia.

HISTORY

Bingawan derived its name from a creek which ressembled a missing tooth, described in the local dialect as bingaw. The creek is located west of the present site of Bingawan Central School. Settlers from nearby nearby towns who fled from Spanish oppression made the newly established barrio possible. Particular places worthy of note were the hillsides of Quinangyana (along its creek), Maldespina and Kinalyan. Two settlements were established, one in Maldespina (now Bingawan cemetery) and the other on the hilltop at Kinalyan near Quinangyana.

The two settlements intended to unite and established a community under Gregorio Plaga, known as “Pakuribot” an instrumental leader, determined that a plateau in the southern part was ideal to establish the united settlements because of a number of water springs.

In 1901, the community known as Bingawan was established along a creek, west of the present site of Bingawan Central School.A long coimmunal building made of light materials was constructed to house forty families. The building was located east where the Bingawan Baptist Church stands. Bingawan was created an independent town in 1969.

FESTIVAL

PAGNAHI-AN celebrated every 3rd week of June highlights its dance-drama competition which recounts on Bingawan’s past. History has it, that as an offshoot of the atrocities of the Spanish and American colonizers some people from nearby towns or “pueblos” settled in the thick forests of the town. To maintain unity and strength against the dangers lurking around them, they chose twelve (12) leaders from the forty (40) and constructed a long house with a partition made from local materials sewn together or “pinagtahi-an” in the local dialect, that could accommodate the forty families under one roof. The house was located at the roadside east of the present Bingawan Baptist Church.

The celebration is a historical, social and cultural event reminiscent of the founding of the Municipality of Bingawan. It is a deep appreciation of its past where its local government recognizes the fact that the cultural properties of the locality are necessary and indispensable for the right understanding of its history and cultural heritage. The local leadership further believes that the Pagnahi-an Festival is especially of its high value from the view point of the local culture and is considered an irreplaceable treasure of the local government – it is the embodiment of the interwoven dreams and aspirations of the founding fathers of the LGU.

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Iloilo

Calinog

The First-Class municipality of Calinog is situated at the central portion of the province and is 59.3 kilometers away from Iloilo City. It is bounded in the north by the municipality of Tapaz, Capiz; northeast by the municipality of Bingawan, Iloilo; northeast by the municipality of San Remegio, Antique; south by the town of Lambunao, Iloilo; southeast by the municipality of Dueńas, Iloilo and; southwest by the town of Valderama, Antique. It has a total land area of 23, 280 hectares and politically subdivided into 59 barangays.

Calinog is populated by 60, 413 (2015 Census on Population) Calinognons. Market day is every Tuesday. It annually celebrates its Religious Fiesta every 8th of December in honor of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception.

To get to the town, one can take a van at the Ungka Transport Terminal (fronting Christ the King Memorial Park) in Barangay Ungka-II, Pavia, Iloilo.

HISTORY

According to folklore, Calinog was where Datu Marikudo chose to settle after having traded the lowlands of Madjaas (Panay) for a golden Salakot (golden hat) with the 10 Bornean Datus. Calinog was already a developing community when the Spaniards came between the 16th and the 17th century. In the early 18th century, Calinog was established as a permanent settlement following the system of town planning as prescribed by the Law of the Indies (Leyes de Indias): a town plaza surrounded by the church, municipaio, school and public market. At present, this town’s layout of the poblacion remains unchanged. The Spanish Colonial Gobvernment declared Calinog a pueblo or a town in 1763. Derived from a Hiligaynon word kalinong for peaceful, it was shortened to Calinog by the Spanish.

ATTRACTIONS

OUR LADY OF IMMACULATE CONCEPTION PARISH CHURCH is of Baroque architectural style. The first church was reconstructed by Father Crescencio Bravo in 1874 and was inaugurated on September 27, 1883. It measured 76 meters in length and 17 meters in width.

FESTIVALS

HIRINUGYAW-SUGUIDANONAY celebrated the weekend after Dinagyang Festival of Iloilo City explores the Catholic Christian and indigenous religious beliefs. The first segment is the Suguidanonay, Inspired from what is known to be one of the longest epic in the world, Hinilawod translated in English as “Tales from the Mouth of the Halawod River,” is an folk epic poem written by the early inhabitants from the Panay Bukidnon tribe. The epic poem is also very good source of information about the Sulodnons’ culture, religion and rituals and is performed in chapters assigned for every year.

The second part of the tribal dance presentation is the Hirinugyaw where, just like the city’s Dinagyang celebration performance, it anchors on the religious aspect. The Holy Child Jesus is honoured in thunderous drumbeats and colourful costumes. Dancers move out in fast-paced, rhythmic steps, with voluble shouts of joy. Hirinugyaw is from a Hiligaynon word hugyaw that means to cheer. The festival tribal dance competition takes place in the weekend after the city’s Dinagyang event. It is considered without a doubt, the largest, most enjoyable and one of the more famous and authentic of all held in in the province.

INDIGENOUS PEOPLE’S DAY celebrated every last week of October highlights its indigenous culture of the town through its Panay-Bukidnon clan. In Panay, the Panay Bukidnon remains as the largest indigenous people’s group with an estimated population of 94,000 comprising of the groups coming from the municipalities of Calinog and Lambunao in Iloilo, and Jamindan and Tapaz in Capiz.

They are best remembered for their oral tradition chanted or sang using their archaic dialect called dagil or ligbok, it gives an account of their legends, and affairs within their community. Their dance, Binanog, depicts the movement of the hawk locally known as dapay and is danced to the beatings of gongs. Both are continued to be practiced during important occasions.

TOURISM WEEK CELEBRATION observed every 1st week of September is this town’s contribution to the annual Tourism Month celebration of the province. Daily activities include Sports Tourism: Fun Run, Bike Fun Ride, ball games, Agri Tourism: Agri Tourism Trade Fair, Cultural Tourism: dance contest, Panubok competition, Hiligaynon/ Karay-a Declamation Contest, Banggi-anay for Elementary and High School levels, Group Singing Elementary and High School levels, Agri-Culinary Tourism: Native Chicken cooking contest, Heritage-Cultural Tourism: Chanting and Binanog Dance contests, and beauty pageant.

Categories
Iloilo

Lambunao

Aside from being home to more than 30 waterfalls, the municipality of Lambunao is also known for the diversity of its animals, most considered rare and endangered.

The Second-Class municipality of Lambunao is situated in central Iloilo, 48-kilometers away from Iloilo City. It is bounded in the north by the municipality of Calinog; in the east by the municipalities of Dueñas and Pototan; in the south by the municipalities of Janiuay and Badiangan; on the west by a portion of the municipality of Janiuay, Iloilo and Valderama, of Antique Province. It has a total land area of 24, 692 hectares politicalkly subdivided into 73 barangays.

Lambunao is populated by 73, 640 (2015 Census on Population) Lambunaonons. Market day is every Sunday. It annually celebrates its Religious Fiesta every 10th of September in honor of St. Nicholas of Tolentine.

One can visit Lambaunao through a van at the Ungka Transport Terminal (fronting Christ the King Memorial Park) in Barangay Ungka-II, Pavia, Iloilo.

HISTORY

Folk history states that Lambunao and Laglag (Duenas) belonged to one big barangay called Dalayawon that was peacefully ruled by two Datus, Tomong and Lipukan. The generation that followed broke the peace as Tumangas, the son of Tomong, and Kaputi, the son of Lipukan had tribal conflict thereby leading to the division of Dalayawon.

Tumangas and his tribe moved westward to establish an independent settlement in Balikatkaton (present site of Barangay Da-anbanwa) which was then separated from the Ulian River by a small lake. Kaputi and his tribe settled to the eastern side, which was known later as Duenas.

It was said hat when the Spanish reached Balikatkaton, they asked a native who was fishing what the name of the place was. The answer given was “Nagapanglambu sa linao” (fishing in the lake). The Spaniards shortened the native’s answer into Lambunao to call the place.

ATTRACTIONS

ST. NICHOLAS DE TOLENTINE PARISH CHURCH is of Baroque architectural style. The first parochial church was constructed under the supervision of Father Jose Lobo in 1875. It was said to be in poor condition since it was situated in a swampy area. It was reconstructed to its present site and was officially inaugurated in 1883. It was finished in 1886 under the supervision of Father Manuel Castandiello. It was made of stones that were quarried in Dingle. Bricks were also used. Its interior is of Tuscan order while the exterior is of Doric order. It was burned by the revolutionaries in 1900 however its walls and belfry were saved. The church was reconstructed by Father Jose Giraldez in 1909.

THE MARI-IT CONSERVATION PARK is located in Barangay Jayubo inside the campus of West Visayas State University College of Agriculture and Forestry, a scenic environment that covers 3, 478 hectares and where 1,000 hectares is intended for the Mari-it Agro-Ecotourism Project. The site is the largest Hornbill Breeding Facility in the world. In its care are two critically endangered hornbill species: Dolongan (Visayan Writhe Hornbill) and Panay Tariktik Hornbill. The conservation park also provides resources for the breeding of Native Pikoy “Dangag” (Racquet Tail Parrot) and wild boar among other endangered species. This is through a Memorandum of Agreement between the Department of Environment and Natural Resources and Mulhouse Zoo in France for the conservation of the Visayan Spotted Deer. This critically endangered species was chosen as the “flagship specie” for conservation of bio-diversity of Panay Island.

TINAGONG DAGAT located in the mountain village of Cabatangan, is a three-hectare hidden lake that measures 80 meters deep and yields freshwater eels, carps and tilapia. It springs out water to the Ulian River. The hidden lake is on a plateau and takes an exhausting 8-10 hours of trek on its treacherous, slopping trails to reach it.

LAMBUNAO CHEMICAL – FREE FARM in Barangay Pandan is three kilometres away from the poblacion. Its five-hectare area is planted with farm products and along with it is a vermin composticity facility, rain shelter and green house facilities, “Babuyang Walang Amoy” and a pavilion that could accommodate 150 persons.

Known as the Land of Waterfalls, the town has documented 40 waterfalls and still counting. They are as follows: Agli-og Falls in Barangay Cabatangan, Aligura Falls in Barangay Bagongbong, Bituon Falls in Barangay Cabatangan, Balagnan Falls in Sitio Pawara-Cabatangan, Baragsakan Falls in Sitio Pawara-Cabatangan, Bagakay Falls in Barangay Panuran, Bugsukan Falls in Barangay Panuran, Dalhayan Falls in Sitio Budiean-Cabatangan, Daragsaan Falls in Sitio Pawara-Cabatangan, Elenoy Falls in Barangay Cabatangan, Giub Falls in Sitio Budiean-Cabatangan, Hagdanan Falls in Pawara-Cabatangan, Igbulawan Falls in Sitio Igbulawan, Igmanipis Falls in Barangay Cabatangan, Inas Falls in Barangay Jayubo, Kasing-Kasing Falls in Barangay Cabatangan, Lubay Falls in Barangay Cabatangan, Maasin Falls in Barangay Sagcup, Mahagnop Falls in Pwara-Cabatangan, Mahangin Falls in Sitio Budiean-Cabatangan, Mahandong Falls in Barangay Cabatangan, Malumot Falls in Sitio Budiean-Cabatangan.

Montillano Falls in Barangay Jayubo, Nalisong Falls in Sitio Budeian-Cabatangan, Nasor-ohon Falls in Canyon-Cabatangan, Olaw Falls in Barangay Cabatangan, Naipit Falls in Pawara-Cabatangan, Pora Falls in Barangay Cabatangan, Malinaw Falls in Pawara-Cabatangan, Takbangan Falls in Pawara-Cabatangan, Tayokan Falls in Pawara-Cabatangan, Tinago Falls in Pawara-Cabatangan, Regon Falls in Barangay Cabatangan, Tabogan Falls in Barangay Cabatangan, Turo-Turoan Falls, Uslog Falls in Barangay Cabatangan, Tabulwang Falls in Barangay Panuran and lastly, Tagbakan Falls in Sitio Tagbakan-Barangay Jayubo.

FESTIVAL

BINANOG celebrated every 2nd wek of Jannuary highlights the “binanog” dance, a courtship dance that imitates the movements of the ‘banog’ bird (hawk) commonly found in Panay farmlands.

Dressed in traditional male and female Panay Bukidnon costumes the presentation begins with a chant. Male dancers in red pants with black top with traditional red and white embroidered patterns take centerstage and dances in leaping motions to get the attention of his female counterpart.

Female dancers attract their male counterpart using their hips and graceful movements of the hands. Wearing a “pudong” or headpiece of old coins exposing her face and a “biningkit” or an adornment of old coins for the neck. In red or white top with embroidered patterns and a patadyong draped as a skirt with a piece of cloth wrap around her waist.

The harmonious pulsating movement of both male and female dancers synchronizes to the beating the gong as each dancer matches the steps of its counterpart. The dances reaches climax as the female dancer ties her male counterpart using the cloth wrapped around her waist.

INDIGENOUS PEOPLE’S WEEK in celebrated along Binanog Festival as the town gives importance to its indigenous people. It is a display of indigenous houses and the collecvtioj of their relics alongside its native food that is for sale.

Categories
Iloilo

Badiangan

Badiangan’s economy have expanded and developed in many unique ways. Its backyard industries, in particular, have accelerated, fueled by its own culture and a better accessible capital market.

This 4th class town is located in the northwest central portion of Iloilo Province and is 40 kilometers from the city. It is bounded in the north by the municipality of Dueñas; in the northwest by the municipality of Lambunao; the municipality of Pototan in the east; in the southwest by municipality of Janiuay; and the municipality of Mina in the southeast. Badiangan has a total land area of 7, 750 hectares politically subdivided into 31 barangays.

Badiangan is populated by 27,005 (2015 Census on Population) Badianganons. It annually celebrates its Religious Fiesta every June 24 in honor of St. John the Baptist.

HISTORY

It was in June 17, 1967 that Badiangan became an independent town. According to folklore, the name Badiangan came from the word kabadiangan, meaning a place where badiang plants grew. Badiang belongs to the gabi (taro) family abundantly growing in the area. Kabadiangan was later shortened to Badiangan.

During the Spanish era, Badiangan had its share of rebellion and uprising led by local babaylanes (native shamans), mostly from Tamocol and Ilongbukid, part of the present-day Badiangan. The Filipino-American War saw the death of one of Badiangan’s most revered heroes, Capitan Agustin TIrador, who died a hero’s death in Barangay Tamocol where today a monument stands at the very spot where he was felled.

ATTRACTIONS

BOLO-MAKING. Many in Barangay Bingawan are expert blacksmiths or “panday” and have mastery of the trade using manual and improvised equipment. The Barangay of Bingawan is the most popular source of fine crafted-bolos in Iloilo.

The most important bolo type manufactured by the Badiangan blacksmiths are 1) Binakuko for chopping wood; 2) Sinuwak for carpentry and cutting shrubs and smaller trees; 3) Ginunting having the same function as the Sinuwak; 4) Pinuti for slicing meat; 5) Tangkap for kitchen use; 6) Linamay, Surot, and Balintawak are used in gardening; 7) Kayog is used to harvest rice; and 8) Wasay used to chop lumber and bigger trees. Bolos are made by hand with blades made from recycled steel.

WEAVING traditional fabrics is a skill that has been passed from one generation of women to the next for centuries. It has traditionally been, and still is, important in this municipality. Today, the cloth provides a valuable source of income for women in an area where unemployment is prevalent. The fabrics are especially valued because they are used in traditional cultural events and festivities. In Barangay Cabayogan, around three kilometers from the poblacion, the production of hablon and patadyong is done almost on a full-time basis.

FESTIVAL

PANDAYAN is celebrated every 3rd week of June and honors the town’s backyard traditions that had been the main sources of livelihood of its people. It is highlighted with the tribal performance of contesting clustered barangays showing informative presentations that normally focus on the town’s local industries such as bolo-making, taho, and loom- weaving. This is an annual event that showcases and celebrates the best of Blacksmithing or Pagpamanday. It highlights its historic roots and its relevance and place in today’s society. This important event includes demonstrations on how bolo is made.